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dry mouth treatment glendale az dentist

Dental Health Consequences of Dry Mouth

Reasons for chronic dry mouth range from using toothpastes and mouthwashes containing substances that dry out oral tissues, allergies, sleep apnea and abnormal functioning of salivary glands. Chronic sinus conditions that make breathing through the nose difficult, smoking or chewing tobacco, drinking alcohol and taking medications that dehydrate body tissues are other common causes of dry mouth.  Many people try to deal with dry mouth by chewing gum or sucking on breath mints. Unfortunately, these products usually contain many of the same ingredients found in toothpastes and mouthwashes that contribute to dry mouth.

In addition, a chronically dry mouth creates a stagnant, oxygen-deficient, oral environment promoting growth of anaerobic bacteria, the primary cause of  tooth decay, gum disease and periodontitis. Allowing dry mouth conditions to continue not only increases the risk of dental problems but also encourages development of thrush, canker sores and abscesses.

What are Anaerobic Bacteria?

Your mouth cannot naturally cleanse itself of oral debris (food particles, mucous, dead skin) when saliva flow is insufficient. Anaerobic bacteria thrive in dry, airless mouths full of protein-rich debris, creating rapidly multiplying layers of a biofilm called plaque that sticks to teeth and demineralizes dental enamel unless removed by a professional dental cleaning.

Although research shows anaerobic bacteria–not sugar–causes cavities, many people continue to assume tooth decay is caused by eating too much sugar. Instead, it is the biofilm composed of anaerobic bacteria that erodes teeth enamel, promotes gum disease, produces sulfuric gases responsible for bad breath and may even reduce your ability to taste and smell properly.

How Saliva Protects Your Teeth and Mouth

Oral anaerobic bacteria cannot live in oxygenated conditions. Nor can they live where there are no proteins to consume. Saliva is necessary to prevent the mouth from being overwhelmed with anaerobes destructive to tooth enamel and gum tissue. In addition, saliva:

  • Provides antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal properties that protect the mouth from teeth and gum disease
  • Contains acid neutralizing substances that directly attack plaque, a common cause of periodontitis
  • Contributes to the remineralization of tooth enamel by providing calcium and phosphorous
  • Enhances your sense of smell and taste

Saliva also helps prevent plaque buildup, a film of bacteria that adheres to teeth and protects anaerobes lying underneath the film from being exposed to oxygen. Plaque needs eliminated each day by brushing, flossing and using an oxygenated, alcohol-free mouthwash or it will harden into a harmful substance called tartar, a strong biofilm causing extensive cavities, tooth loss and chronic halitosis. Tartar accumulating in spaces where teeth meet the gums may cause gingivitis, a gum disease indicated by bleeding, swollen, receding gums.

Treatment for Dry Mouth

Keeping your mouth clean and hydrated between regular visits to your dentist for cleanings and examinations are the best preventative measures to take for preventing teeth and gum diseases caused by a dry mouth. Treatment for dry mouth depends on what is making your mouth consistently dry. Common methods recommended by dentists for reducing dry mouth symptoms include:

  • Limiting consumption of coffee, soda and other caffeinated drinks
  • Chewing sugar-free gum or candies containing xylitol, a chemical promoting saliva flow
  • Avoiding mouthwashes with alcohol (alcohol is a desiccant that naturally extracts fluids from tissues)
  • Avoiding tobacco use (chewing and smoking)
  • Drinking water at meals and in between meals
  • Using nonprescription saliva substitutes (mouth sprays and rinses are available)
  • Breathing through your nose only (nasal sprays and strips can help open clogged nasal passageways)
  • Running a humidifier to add moisture to dry bedroom air at night

If dry mouth does not improve or worsens, visit your dentist or doctor for a thorough examination. Underlying medical problems may be causing chronic dry mouth,  such as low blood pressure, diabetes, an autoimmune disease or systemic dehydration.

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Causes and Treatments for Tooth glendale az dentist

Causes and Treatments for Tooth Sensitivity

The most common reason behind teeth hypersensitivity is gingivitis, a gum disease that causes gums to shrink away from the tops of the teeth and expose nerves not protected by tooth enamel and dentin. These root nerves are comprised of microscopic tubules extending into the center (pulp) of the tooth. When exposed to sweet, cold or hot foods, the tubules that are normally protected by gums and dentin allow this type of stimuli to irritate the pulp and cause pain that may feel like a toothache.

In addition to gingivitis, other factors may contribute to tooth sensitivity, such as:

  • Using a hard-bristled toothbrush or brushing vigorously enough to erode tooth enamel. Dentists advise brushing several times a day with a soft or medium-bristled toothbrush instead of once with an abrasive, generically constructed toothbrush.
  • Teeth harboring cracks and chips that allow destructive anaerobic bacteria to accumulate in dental indentations. Excess oral bacteria typically develops into a biofilm, a hard substance making it easier for plaque to irritate sensitive teeth pulp.
  • People who grind their teeth in their sleep. Bruxism (chronic teeth grinding) is usually caused by anxiety, sleep disorders such as sleep apnea or crooked/missing teeth. Unless treated, bruxism causes tooth sensitivity by eroding a tooth’s enamel and exposing pulp and dentin nerves.
  • Use of mouthwashes and toothpastes containing desiccants and detergents. Most brand name mouthwashes and toothpastes purchased in grocery and department stores contain abrasive, acidic ingredients that weaken dentin and also contribute to a high pH level in the mouth. For example, sodium lauryl sulfate is commonly used in toothpastes to create a foaming action when brushed against the teeth. However, SLS does not impart any benefits to oral health. In fact, this substance is found in many cleaning solutions and shampoos and has shown to severely irritate gums and mouth tissue due to its abrasive qualities.
  • Periodontal disease will cause tooth sensitivity since gingivitis and tooth decay precipitate periodontal disease. When dentists diagnose someone with periodontitis, this means they have found small spaces or “pockets” appearing between the teeth and at the gum line due to severe gum disease. Unless treated, periodontitis results in tooth loss, severe oral infection and possible jawbone deformities.

Treating Tooth Sensitivity

The best way to prevent tooth sensitivity is to maintain good oral hygiene practices that include brushing, flossing and rinsing twice daily with products that do not contain alcohol, saccharine or sodium lauryl sulfate. Other methods for reducing your risk of tooth sensitivity due to gingivitis, receding gums and worn enamel are:

  • Avoiding acidic and/or sugary foods that contribute to enamel erosion and exposure of tooth dentin
  • Treating bruxism by wearing a mouth guard during sleep to protect dental enamel
  • Using only oral rinses containing fluoride
  • Visiting a dentist every six months for a professional cleaning and oral exam

Using “desensitizing” toothpastes may temporarily alleviate tooth sensitivity pain but does nothing to treat the primary cause of the problem. Ingredients such as potassium nitrate and strontium chloride are often found in desensitizing toothpastes that inhibit transmission of nerve signals by restricting fluid movement in dentin microtubules. In addition, consumer research on desensitizing toothpastes indicates it generally takes several weeks of regularly brushing with the toothpaste before results (if any) are noticeable.

How Your Dentist Treats Tooth Sensitivity


Applying a fluoride varnish to overly sensitive teeth is one way your dentist can reduce pain and discomfort. Fluoride varnish strengthens dentin and enamel to prevent erosion and exposure of easily irritated nerve roots.

Protecting Root Endings

If exposed roots are causing tooth sensitivity, your dentist may use a dental sealant to cover particularly painful areas. By sealing exposed tooth surfaces with a bonding agent, your dentist can block exposure to hot, cold or sweet foods responsible for tooth sensitivity pain.

Root Canal

Severe and persistent tooth sensitivity may indicate teeth with infected pulps. Root canal treatment involving removal of infected pulp and replacing pulp with an enamel-like material called gutta percha.

Dental crowns and inlays may be able to reduce tooth sensitivity by repairing or protecting decayed spots on enamel. Surgical gum grafts can also relieve tooth sensitivity by removing tissue from the palate and grafting this tissue existing gum tissue so that roots are once again covered.

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dental implants Glendale AZ

What are Same Day Dental Implants?

At Dental Solutions we offer same day dental implants in Glendale AZ. We replace missing teeth permanently using titanium appliances and a biological process called osseointegration, or the fusion of the implant anchor to the jawbone. In most cases, osseointegration takes several months to complete. By allowing bone to naturally attach itself to the titanium post, dental implants remain secure and fixed in place, functioning like a real tooth.

What are Same Day Dental Implants?

Instead of waiting months for osseointegration to take place, people can now receive dental implants in one office visit. A prior visit is needed so the dentist can take a CT scan of the jawbone used to plan specifics of the implant procedure. In addition, crowns are created in advance and ready for placement.

Who are Good Candidates for Same Day Dental Implants?

To determine whether someone is a good candidate for a dental implant, dentists will assess the condition of a patient’s teeth, gums and bone. When gaps exist between teeth for long periods, atrophy of gum tissue often occurs, which can compromise the success of an implant procedure. Pre-prosthetic treatments may be necessary to restore gum health or rebuild bone density to improve the chance that osseointegration takes place. The fusion of bone with the titanium-based implant appliance is necessary so that the implant can bear the usual biomechanical loads experienced by teeth during chewing and biting. In addition, dental implants support neighboring natural teeth improving your overall dental health.

For people with good oral health, implant dentists can immediately insert an implant following extraction of a tooth. The procedure follows the same steps used to insert a traditional implant, with the exception that the patient goes home with a dental implant replacement the same day a tooth is extracted. In addition to the shortened treatment time, people who dislike or fear extensive dental treatments avoid the stress of experiencing repeated visits to the dentist for evaluation of the osseointegration process and placement of abutment and crown. In some instances, delayed loading (traditional dental implant procedures) may be unavoidable due to irreversible bone disease such as osteoporosis or bone damage due to previous periodontitis.

Pre-Treatments for Same Day Implants

Same day implants mean people do not have to wait several months for osseointegration to occur. Instead, dentists simply apply the crown onto the implant immediately after it is surgically implanted. If the pre-evaluation reveals signs of gingivitis or periodontitis, the dentist will need to reverse these conditions by thoroughly cleaning the mouth, performing scaling and root planing and prescribing antibiotics to eliminate infections. Bone density must also be strong enough to handle an implant without compromising the stability of other areas of the jawbone.

Sometimes, the person’s jawbone may not have the density required to initiate a successful dental implant procedure. To promote jawbone strength, implant dentists recommend some people undergo bone grafts to enhance the integrity of the jawbone. Bone grafts are also minimally invasive procedures involving the addition of synthetic or human bone tissue to the area where the implant is to be inserted. After another assessment indicates adequate bone density exists, an implant dentist can then continue with the implant procedure.

How Successful are Same Day Dental Implant Procedures?

Success rates for dental implants are high—nearly 94 percent for upper jaw implants and 91 percent for lower implants. The difference in success rates is because the upper jaw bone is less dense than the lower jaw bone. Following a same day dental implant, people are advised to rest for the next 24 hours and closely monitor the condition of the implant to make sure no abnormal bleeding occurs. Although implants are invulnerable to cavities and decay, people with dental implants should still engage in good oral hygiene practices to maintain gum and bone health.

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cosmetic dentistry Glendale AZ

Contemporary Cosmetic Dentistry Treatments

Dental Solutions provide cosmetic dentistry in Glendale AZ.  We offer procedures such as teeth whitening, porcelain veneers, dental crowns and bonding dramatically improves the appearance of damaged or discolored teeth without requiring multiple visits to the dentist. In fact, most cosmetic dentistry treatments can be accomplished in one or two visits, depending on the extent of dental problems affecting teeth. Some of the more popular cosmetic dentistry procedures available today include:

Porcelain Veneers

Concealing teeth imperfections without surgery or extensive dental treatments, porcelain veneers are thin, almost sheer layers of enamel-like material bonded to teeth with dental adhesive to give less-than-perfect teeth the ultimate makeover. Porcelain veneers also eliminate small gaps between teeth by modifying tooth size using veneers larger than an individual tooth. Additionally, veneers conceal stains that do not respond to professional whitening treatments and reshape irregularly shaped teeth or teeth worn down due to aging or nighttime teeth grinding.

Dental Crowns

Crowns are porcelain dental restoration appliances that encircle and cap teeth damaged by cracks, chips or large cavities. Because leaving dental enamel in poor condition allows harmful bacteria to enter the tooth, dentists often recommend dental crowns to reinforce compromised teeth and improve their appearance. Made from porcelain, gold or a porcelain fused to metal compound, dental crowns not only improve teeth aesthetics but also promote the integrity of the tooth by preventing oral bacteria from entering enamel cracks and infecting pulp. Dental adhesive prevents crowns from slipping or falling off the tooth while ensuring crowns lasts for at least 10 years or more. Caring for crowns involves the same oral hygiene practices needed to keep real teeth and gums in excellent condition—brushing, flossing and rinsing with an alcohol-free oral rinse twice daily.

Tooth-Colored Fillings

When front or side teeth develop cavities that need filled, dentists recommend cosmetic tooth-colored fillings as a more attractive and durable alternative to traditional silver amalgam fillings. Made from a composite resin containing silicon dioxide, tooth-colored fillings have the same texture and appearance of natural dental enamel. In addition, they are not prone to falling out like silver fillers because the materials used to make these fillings bond to tooth enamel over time.

Dental Bonding

Dental bonding is a versatile cosmetic dentistry procedure that fills small gaps between teeth, conceals discolorations and pitting and reshapes malformed teeth. Dental bonding treatment involves a dentist applying an etching solution to teeth receiving the composite resin bonding material. This solution forms microscopic crevices in dental enamel so the resin has a viable surface on which to adhere. Dentists then coat teeth with the bonding resin and shine a high-energy light at the resin to induce hardening.

Dental Implants

For replacement of teeth that have been lost to decay, periodontitis or trauma, titanium-based dental implants are used as an alternative to partial dentures or bridges.  Permanent dental implants fuse with the jawbone and anchor firmly with abutments that hold the porcelain crown in place. In addition to improving smiles, dental implants also help retain facial structure by preventing gums from shrinking and facial tissues from collapsing inward after teeth support is removed. Titanium possesses special properties that allows osseointegration (fusion of the implant to bone) to take place. Following osseointegration, dentists can then establish the abutment and crown onto the implant in one office visit.

Teeth Whitening

Teeth whitening gel used by dentists contain significantly more hydrogen peroxide than store brand whitening gels. In addition to providing ingredients that protect dental enamel from overbleaching, dental teeth whitening gels can often turn enamel several shades whiter than previous enamel shades. Unlike over-the-counter whitening gels that cannot remove stains absorbed by microscopic grooves, dental teeth whitening gel removes all kinds of extrinsic stains not cause by tetracycline or other medications.

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Halitosis bad breath

What Causes Chronic Halitosis?

What is That Smell?

Nothing is more embarrassing than having bad breath and not knowing it. In fact, most of us would rather trip and fall in front of a crowd of people or spill red wine on someone’s white shirt than have smelly breath. But why would anybody have bad breath if they brush, floss and use mouthwash faithfully every day? What causes that horrible, cringe-worthy, rotten egg smell to exude from someone’s mouth?

Probably because something more serious than eating a chili dog with onions is making your breath smell bad no matter how carefully you brush each tooth and swig mouthfuls of Listerine.

Everyone has experienced bouts of temporary bad breath but genuine halitosis may indicate undetected dental problems contributing to anaerobic bacterial growth, the main culprit behind halitosis. Only a trip to the dentist office can solve the mystery behind long-term halitosis–and why everybody you talk to seems to lean back slightly when you are talking to them.

So What is Oral Anaerobic Bacteria?

Anaerobic bacteria living in your mouth constantly excrete noxious, sulfurous gases as they busily consume oral protein such as food particles, dead skin, blood traces and mucus. These gases are called volatile sulfur compounds and consist mostly of:

  • Cadavarine–emanates from a decaying corpse
  • Skatole–the odor identifying feces
  • Isovaleric acid–contained in sweaty feet perspiration
  • Putrescine–the smell produced by rotting meat

And that is why bad breath smells so embarrassingly bad.

The only time anaerobic bacteria are not exuding these foul odors is when your mouth is moist, oxygenated and clean. Having a frequently dry mouth accelerates production of anaerobic bacteria, since this type of bacteria prefers environments where there is no oxygen and no moisture. Saliva also has strong, antibacterial properties that help reduce germ activity in the mouth. When allergies, sinusitis, poor oral hygiene practices or other medical conditions reduce salivary gland output, a consistently dry mouth will also promote tooth decay, gum disease and bad breath.

How Can a Dentist Eliminate Bad Breath?

When pH levels in the mouth are high, anaerobic bacteria flourish due to the absence of oxygen. Smoking, neglecting to brush and floss and oral diseases can make your mouth’s pH level go off the scale. In addition, if you have unfilled cavities, enamel pitting or tooth cracks that have not been repaired, bacteria will accumulate in these holes and crevices, reproduce rapidly and create a destructive biofilm called plaque. If plaque is not removed by a dentist, it will develop into tartar and cause gingivitis, a serious gum disease often followed by periodontitis.

Visiting your dentist every six months for a check-up and cleaning is the best way to ensure your breath never embarrasses you again. Filling cavities, strengthening weakened or damaged teeth with dental crowns when necessary and having plaque removed with special dental tools will help prevent excessive growth of oral bacteria. Brushing and rinsing with a medicated mouthwash twice a day, brushing your tongue, flossing at least once a day and drinking plenty of water in between cleanings is also dentist recommended for eliminating those funky, fetid bacteria for good.

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preventive dental care in glendale az

Saving Money on Your Health by…Going to the Dentist MORE Often?

Too many people look to save dental care costs by not going to the dentist at all. This is a huge mistake! There are plenty of low cost dental insurance plans on the market. What’s more, preventing a problem with your teeth saves you all kinds of money over the long run.

Bad Teeth, No Money

Let’s take a look at just a few of the conditions that you will be paying for if you do not keep your teeth healthy with preventive dental care!

  • Gum disease – If you have a problem with your teeth, it will eventually spread to your gums. Your gums are very sensitive, and they are much more difficult to heal than your teeth. You may have noticed how sore your gums get if you forget to floss for even a short time. They must be constantly cared for! If your gums are unhealthy, it can lead to swelling and inflammation, pain when talking or chewing, and eventually, your teeth will not be able to stay in your head!
  • Heart disease – There is plenty of controversy about whether tooth and gum disease is linked to heart disease. Most experts say yes. Just the fact that there is a discussion about the issue should lead you to err on the side of caution! Dental and cardiac experts believe that tooth decay can lead to heart disease because tooth decay and heart disease are caused by the same types of plaque. Plaque builds on your teeth and causes decay, and this is the same plaque that blocks off the arteries of the heart and causes serious heart conditions.
  • Oral disease – Your teeth are connected to many different parts of your body. Do you want to find out just how many? Let your teeth rot for a while, and you will soon find out that you are hurting all over! The sensitive nerves that are in your teeth reach up to your head, first of all. If you have tooth problems, then you are more likely to get serious migraines and constant headaches. Your teeth are also connected to your eyes. You may find that you cannot see as well if tooth decay is allowed to spread. Your shoulders and back may also suffer, because the nerves that come from your mouth stretch down into your chest area as well. Bad oral hygiene can lead you to experience pain in your shoulders, an inability to walk straight up and neck pain that resembles arthritis or a muscle inflammation.

How Much is Enough?

Do you really want to find out how much dealing with heart disease costs? In case you are wondering, heart problems are far more expensive than a preventive dental visit! All of the above conditions will end up costing you a pretty penny should you find yourself in those unfortunate circumstances. What is the solution? Find the pennies that you need to go and see your dentist at least once every six months. Contact our dentists in Glendale AZ with any sharp pains or throbbing in your teeth.

Preventive dental services is one of the best investments you will make in your life. Put it on your schedule now and start saving, because your body deserves more than you being too cheap to take care of it!


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Eight Facts You Need to Know about Root Canals

Root canals are among the most feared and dreaded procedures in dentistry, if not in all of medicine. You may be nervous if your dentist has told you that you need a root canal. You may even be so afraid of being told you need a root canal that you avoid seeing your dentist – which, of course, leads to much more serious tooth problems such as advanced decay and infection.

The good news about root canals is that they are probably nowhere near as bad as you think. These are eight facts you need to know about root canals to calm your nerves and get ready for your dental appointment.

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Dental surgeon and patient smiling happy after dental checkup, l

Five Ways to Get Better Dental Checkups

Almost everyone gets at least a little nervous before a dental exam. Nobody wants to learn that they have tooth decay and need dental work. While sometimes trouble is inevitable, there are a lot of things you can do to prevent tooth decay. Here are 5 ways to get better dental checkups.

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Partial vs. Full Dentures

Dentures are made to replace some of the teeth in your mouth or all of the teeth in your mouth. Part of the denture you choose depends on the amount of teeth that you have existing in your mouth. For this reason, there are two kinds of dentures – Complete dentures and Partial dentures.

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Is Chilly Weather Hurting Your Teeth?

WE MAY FEEL the dropping temperature in our toes, but we shouldn’t be feeling it in our teeth! Some of us experience a shock of pain as we breathe in the crisp air, or sip some hot chocolate. Tooth sensitivity tends to manifest in temperature extremes, so we notice it more during the winter season.

Sensitivity Is A Cry For Help

Tooth sensitivity is fairly common, but that’s no reason to ignore it! Tooth sensitivity could be your mouth’s signal that something is wrong. For the most part, solutions are simple. And, as with most dental problems, sensitivity is best dealt with early on.

Some Causes of Sensitivity Can Lead To More Severe Problems

Healthy teeth are guarded from extreme temperatures by the tooth’s enamel layer, and by your gums. Sensitive teeth may signal receding gums as a result of gum disease or overbrushing. Sensitivity could also be caused by damaged enamel from a cracked tooth, acid erosion, or decay.

We Can Help You Find A Solution

Whatever the cause of your sensitive teeth this season, it’s important to get it checked out by a dental professional. We can help you determine the cause, and find a solution. It may be a simple change in your dental care regime. Other times, a dental procedure can relieve your discomfort.

No One Should Suffer From Tooth Pain

We believe that no one should suffer from dental problems without hope of a solution. Please talk to us if you ever have questions about your dental health. We consider it an honor to be your trusted health partner, and to keep your teeth healthy for life.

Thanks for your trust in our practice. We appreciate you!

Top image by Flickr user Jason Ippolito used under Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 4.0 license. Image cropped and modified from original.
The content on this blog is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of qualified health providers with questions you may have regarding medical conditions.
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dry mouth treatment glendale az dentist

Dental Health Consequences of Dry Mouth

Reasons for chronic dry mouth range from using toothpastes and mouthwashes containing substances...
Causes and Treatments for Tooth glendale az dentist

Causes and Treatments for Tooth Sensitivity

The most common reason behind teeth hypersensitivity is gingivitis, a gum disease that...
dental implants Glendale AZ

What are Same Day Dental Implants?

At Dental Solutions we offer same day dental implants in Glendale AZ. We replace...
cosmetic dentistry Glendale AZ

Contemporary Cosmetic Dentistry Treatments

Dental Solutions provide cosmetic dentistry in Glendale AZ.  We offer procedures such as...

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